How does gas content affect magma?
Gases in Magmas Gas gives magmas their explosive character, because volume of gas expands as pressure is reduced. The composition of the gases in magma are: Mostly H2O (water vapor) & some CO2 (carbon dioxide)
At what depth does magma originate?
"What we are now saying is that with just a trace of carbon dioxide in the mantle, melting can begin as deep as around 200 kilometers. "When we incorporate the effect of trace water, the magma generation depth becomes at least 250 kilometers."
What type of magma has the highest gas content leading to explosive eruptions?
Felsic magmas Gas gives magmas their explosive character, because the gas expands as pressure is reduced. Felsic magmas usually have higher gas contents than mafic magmas.
How do gas bubbles inside affect volcanoes explosion?
The rapid expansion of gas bubbles propels the magma and gas up the conduit. Within minutes, the volcano erupts, explosively spewing hot lava and tephra into the air.
What temperature causes high viscosity of magma?
Lower temperature magmas have higher viscosity than higher temperature magmas (viscosity decreases with increasing temperature of the magma).
What are the 3 factors affecting the viscosity of magma?
Answer and Explanation: The three factors that influence the viscosity of a lava are temperature, the dissolved gases it contains, and its chemical composition.
What is the depth of volcano?
Maars range in size from 200 to 6,500 feet (60 to 1,980 m) across and from 30 to 650 feet (9 to 198 m) deep, and most are commonly filled with water to form natural lakes. Maars occur in geologically young volcanic regions of the world such as the western United States and the Eifel region of Germany.
How much depth is volcano?
The results show that the estimated depths to the main source chamber are mostly between 11 km and 15 km, similar to the depth to Moho.
Which type of location produces some of the most explosive volcanoes?
Subduction Zone Volcanism Most explosive eruptions occur in volcanoes above subduction zones, where one tectonic plate dives beneath the other.
What type of magma has a high gas content?
Second, felsic magmas tend to have higher levels of volatiles; that is, components that behave as gases during volcanic eruptions.
What do gas bubbles create in the magma?
In an explosive eruption, the magma rises fast, allowing a build-up of gas pressure within the gas bubbles that leads to rapid bubble growth, abrupt fragmentation, and explosive release of gas pressure.
What causes magma to explode?
The magma rises and collects in chambers within the crust. As magma fills the chamber, pressure grows. If the pressure gets high enough, the magma can break through the crust and spew out in a volcanic eruption.
What magma has the highest viscosity?
The magma that has the highest viscosity is rhyolitic magma.
Which magma has the highest viscosity?
The magma that has the highest viscosity is rhyolitic magma. One of the main reasons for the high viscosity in rhyolitic magma is that it contains a…
What does it means by lower viscosity magma?
Low viscosity magmas allow gases to escape easily whereas gas pressures can build up in high viscosity magmas – resulting in violent eruptions. (Blowing through a straw, it's easier to get water to bubble than a milk shake)
How far is lava underground?
Lava is molten rock. It is created deep beneath Earth's surface (often 100 miles or more underground), where temperatures get hot enough to melt rock. Scientists call this molten rock magma when it's underground.
How far below the surface is the Yellowstone magma chamber?
How large is the magma chamber that is currently under Yellowstone? The magma chamber is believed to be about 40 by 80 kilometers across, similar in size to the overlying Yellowstone caldera. The top of the chamber is about 8 km deep and the bottom is around 16 km deep.
In which location would you most likely find volcanoes?
Most volcanoes are found along a belt, called the “Ring of Fire” that encircles the Pacific Ocean. Some volcanoes, like those that form the Hawaiian Islands, occur in the interior of plates at areas called “hot spots.”
How does magma influence the explosiveness of an eruption?
More crystals in the magma enable more gas bubbles to form, and so they make an eruption more explosive. The rate at which pressure is reduced also affects the explosiveness. If magma moves slowly toward the surface, gases in the magma have more time to escape.
Which component of magma is the highest and the lowest in value?
Felsic MagmaFelsic magma has the highest silica content of all magma types, between 65-70%. As a result, felsic magma also has the highest gas content and viscosity, and lowest mean temperatures, between 650o and 800o Celsius (1202o and 1472o Fahrenheit).
What happens to the gases within a magma that rises to shallower levels in the crust?
As magma rises to shallower levels, decreasing pressure allows the gases to form bubbles in the magma. If this occurs, the density of the magma decreases and the magma rises faster. If magma initially has a low content of dissolved gases, bubbles may not form or assist the magma upward.
Which characteristic of magma mainly affect the explosiveness of a volcanic eruption?
Viscosity, together with the amount of gas dissolved in magma, can determine the explosivity of the eruption. More viscous magma with volatiles is more explosive than less viscous magma, where gases can bubble out relatively easily.
How far do volcanoes shoot lava?
Explosive eruptions are so powerful, they can shoot particles 20 miles up (32 kilometers), hurl 8-ton boulders more than a half mile (0.8 kilometers) away, and cause massive landslides.
Is there a volcano erupting right now?
Kīlauea volcano began erupting on September 29, 2021, at approximately 3:21 p.m. HST in Halema'uma'u crater. Lava continues to erupt from a single vent in the western wall of Halemaʻumaʻu crater. All lava activity is confined within Halemaʻumaʻu crater in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park.
What increases viscosity of magma?
Viscosity is anti-correlated to temperature by the fact that a lower temperature means a higher viscosity. In other words, as magma cools, its viscosity increases.
What is the lowest viscosity magma?
Basaltic magma has the lowest viscosity because of its composition. Basaltic magma is mostly composed of iron, calcium, and magnesium, while half or…
What does it mean by lower viscous magma?
Low viscosity magmas allow gases to escape easily whereas gas pressures can build up in high viscosity magmas – resulting in violent eruptions.
How does viscosity affect magma?
Differences in a magma's viscosity will determine the shape a volcano takes. High-silica (basalt) magma has a much lower viscosity. It flows much easier and over longer distances. As low-silica magma cools, it hardens to rock, adding a new thin layer of rock to the volcano.
Is Blue Lava possible?
Blue lava, also known as Api Biru, and simply referred to as blue fire or sulfur fire, is a phenomenon that occurs when sulfur burns. It is an electric-blue flame that has the illusory appearance of lava.
Can lava cut through a watermelon?
2:103:19EXPERIMENT: LAVA VS WATERMELON – YouTubeYouTube