What are differences between Jupiter and Saturn?

What are differences between Jupiter and Saturn?

Saturn and Jupiter have different material organization. Saturn has a big rocky core at the center. In both planets, hydrogen changes from a gas to liquid metal, but in Saturn, it happens much deeper. Saturn is less dense, so the pressure required for liquid metal is at lower depths.

Why are all clouds on Jupiter not white as on Earth?

Why are all clouds on Jupiter not white, as on Earth? There are impurities in their ice crystals. Why do we find methane ice clouds above water ice clouds in the atmospheres of Uranus and Neptune?

What causes the white bands we see on Jupiter?

Jupiter's stripes, otherwise known as bands, create an interesting pattern on the planet's surface. Jupiter's stripes or 'bands' are caused by differences in the chemical composition and temperature of the atmospheric gas. The light-coloured bands are called 'zones' and show regions where the gas is rising.

What are the clouds of Jupiter and Saturn made of?

Trace amounts of ammonia, acetylene, ethane, propane, phosphine and methane have been detected in Saturn's atmosphere. The upper clouds are composed of ammonia crystals, while the lower level clouds appear to consist of either ammonium hydrosulfide (NH4SH) or water.

Why are planets different colors?

Planets have the colors that they have because of what they are made of and how their surfaces or atmospheres reflect and absorb sunlight. Mercury has a dark gray, rocky surface which is covered with a thick layer of dust. The surface is thought to be made up of igneous silicate rocks and dust.

Why are Saturn’s colors muted compared to Jupiter’s?

On Saturn the low mass means less surface gravity and the atmosphere is thicker at 300 km from top to bottom. The result is that Saturn's atmosphere has more haze and its features (turbulence cyclones etc.) are blurred and hard to see. This also causes its colors are muted into a general yellowish hue.

What are the white clouds on Jupiter made from and what is happening in the atmosphere where they from?

These white clouds consist of frozen ammonia crystals and are thus analogous to the water-ice cirrus clouds in Earth's atmosphere. The tawny clouds that are widely distributed over the planet occur at lower levels.

Why are Jupiter’s bands different colors?

These are regions where gas in Jupiter's atmosphere is rising upwards. The dark bands are called belts. These are regions where the gas in Jupiter's atmosphere is sinking downwards. The colors in the bands are caused by slight differences in their temperatures and their composition (what chemicals are in them).

What causes the different colors in Jupiter’s atmosphere?

A: The outer atmosphere of Jupiter is mostly hydrogen and helium, with some water droplets, ice crystals, and ammonia crystals. When these elements form clouds, they create shades of white, orange, brown, and red, the colors of Jupiter.

Would different planets have different colors?

The planets of the solar system are varied in their appearance. Mercury is slate gray while Venus is pearly white, Earth a vibrant blue, and Mars a dusky red. Even the gas giants are different, Neptune and Uranus an opaque blue, while Jupiter and Saturn are mostly beige with brilliant red-brown belts.

What determines the color of the atmosphere?

Molecules and small particles in the atmosphere change the direction of light rays, causing them to scatter. Scattering affects the color of light coming from the sky, but the details are determined by the wavelength of the light and the size of the particle.

What about these cloud layers causes Jupiter to have more distinct bands than Saturn?

Explanation: Jupiter and Saturn are too warm for their methane to condense, so they do not appear blue. The colored bands of Jupiter and Saturn are due in part to their compositions: Water and ammonia clouds reflect white light, and ammonium hydrosulfide clouds reflect brown and red light.

What do you observe about the cloud belts when comparing Jupiter and Saturn Why do the planets belts look different?

Explain your answer. In Jupiter's atmosphere, belts are the darker bands and are lower and warmer than the brighterzones. The belts and zones of Saturn are similar, but appear washed out because of the loweratmospheric temperature and weaker surface gravity (see Figure 12-9b).

Where does Jupiter’s cloud colors come from?

The outer atmosphere of Jupiter is mostly hydrogen and helium, with some water droplets, ice crystals, and ammonia crystals. When these elements form clouds, they create shades of white, orange, brown, and red, the colors of Jupiter.

How do clouds form on Jupiter?

Hot material deeper in Jupiter's interior rises while cooler material sinks. As the hot gases rise, they cool and condense into liquid droplets or ice crystals to form clouds. Jupiter's fast rotation – spinning once every 10 hours – creates strong jet streams, smearing its clouds into bands across the planet.

Why do Saturn and Jupiter look different?

It is primarily the ammonia that gives these planets their color, even though both Saturn and Jupiter are 99% hydrogen and Helium. Straight gas molecules (O2, N2, H2) and noble gases tend to have very little interaction with visible light.

What causes the range of colors that are present in Jupiter’s atmosphere?

The difference in the appearance between zones and belts is caused by differences in the opacity of the clouds. Ammonia concentration is higher in zones, which leads to the appearance of denser clouds of ammonia ice at higher altitudes, which in turn leads to their lighter color.

How does Saturn get its color?

Saturn is also a giant gas planet with an outer atmosphere that is mostly hydrogen and helium. Its atmosphere has traces of ammonia, phosphine, water vapor, and hydrocarbons giving it a yellowish-brown color.

What causes a planetary atmosphere to become banded?

Clouds and gases flowing in Jupiter's atmosphere (and those of the other giant planets as well) create the banded patterns.

Why do planets change colors?

Answer 2: Different planets are made of different kinds of matter, and as such, they reflect different frequencies of light, thus having different colors, for the same reason anything else have different colors.

What causes clouds to be different colors?

The color of a cloud depends primarily upon the color of the light it receives. The Earth's natural source of light is the sun which provides 'white' light. White light combines all of the colors in the 'visible spectrum', which is the range of colors we can see.

What do different color clouds mean?

Clouds often take on a blue-gray hue when rain droplets scatter light. They can turn ominous green when light scatters through the ice, and greenish clouds often signal heavy rain and hail, as well as a possible tornado.

How do the belts and zones of Jupiter compare to those of Saturn?

What are the belts and zones in the atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn? In the atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn, belts are the darker bands and are lower and warmer than the brighter zones.

How do clouds form on Saturn?

Saturn contains more sulfur than Jupiter, which give its zones and belts an orangish, smog-like cast. Saturn's temperature and pressure increase from the exterior of the planet toward its center, changing the makeup of the clouds. The upper layers of clouds are made up of ammonia ice.

Why are Uranus and Neptune different colors than Jupiter and Saturn?

Astronomers now have an explanation for why the two planets are different colors. New research suggests that a layer of concentrated haze that exists on both planets is thicker on Uranus than a similar layer on Neptune and 'whitens' Uranus's appearance more than Neptune's (1).

Why is Saturn banded?

Like Jupiter and the other gas planets, Saturn has a banded appearance in its coloration due to high winds in the atmosphere. The bands are not as distinct as those on Jupiter, however, they are very wide at the equator and easy to detect.

What color are the clouds on Saturn?

If you've ever looked at Saturn through a backyard telescope, you know it's true: Yellow is the dominant color of Saturn's thick clouds. "Sunlight reflected from those clouds is what gives Saturn its golden hue," explains West.

What causes Jupiter’s bands to display different colors?

These are regions where gas in Jupiter's atmosphere is rising upwards. The dark bands are called belts. These are regions where the gas in Jupiter's atmosphere is sinking downwards. The colors in the bands are caused by slight differences in their temperatures and their composition (what chemicals are in them).

What causes the colors in Jupiter’s atmosphere?

A: The outer atmosphere of Jupiter is mostly hydrogen and helium, with some water droplets, ice crystals, and ammonia crystals. When these elements form clouds, they create shades of white, orange, brown, and red, the colors of Jupiter.

How are planets different colors?

The planets get their color from the color of their surface, or if it's think enough, the color of their atmosphere. Planets like Mercury and Mars, are covered almost entirely by rocks and sand. Since these structures are primarily grey on Mercury and red on Mars, the planets appear to be that color.