What is a way in which surface mines impact an environment ecologically?

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What is a way in which surface mines impact an environment ecologically?

Surface mining (another name for "strip mining") can severely erode the soil or reduce its fertility; pollute waters or drain underground water reserves; scar or altar the landscape; damage roads, homes, and other structures; and destroy wildlife.

What environmental impacts are caused by both surface mining?

Both surface mining and underground mining risk causing severe water pollution. Surface mining causes more destruction of land ecosystems than underground mining. Metals can be extracted from their ores in several different ways, two of which are carbon reduction and electrolysis.

Why does mining have such an impact on the environment?

Mining is the extraction of minerals and other geological materials of economic value from deposits on the Earth. Mining adversely affects the environment by inducing loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, and contamination of surface water, groundwater, and soil. Mining can also trigger the formation of sinkholes.

Which type of mining is most damaging to the environment?

Sand mining and gravel mining creates large pits and fissures in the earth's surface. At times, mining can extend so deeply that it affects ground water, springs, underground wells, and the water table. The major threats of sand mining activities include channel bed degradation, river formation and erosion.

What are the 7 environmental impacts of mining?

The extraction of minerals from nature often creates imbalances, which adversely affect the environment. The key environmental impacts of mining are on wildlife and fishery habitats, the water balance, local climates & the pattern of rainfall,sedimentation, the depletion of forests and the disruption of the ecology.

Which of the following is not environmental impacts of mining?

Which of the following is NOT environmental impacts of mining? Destroys natural communities over large areas.

How does mining affect the environment quizlet?

Water-pollution problems caused by mining include acid mine drainage, metal contamination, and increased sediment levels in streams. Sources can include active or abandoned surface and underground mines, processing plants, waste-disposal areas, haulage roads, or tailings ponds.

What are the 3 environmental impacts of mineral extraction?

The negative impacts of mineral extraction includes unsightly workings, mineral waste piles and pollution from acidic water containing heavy metals. Mineral planning at local, regional, national and EU level ensures the environment is protected and that resources are used sustainably.

What are the environmental impacts of coal mining in general quizlet?

Whole mountaintops are removed to get to the coal, which increases erosion and runoff thick with pollutants, poisoning streams and rivers throughout the region.

What is the biggest environmental risk of mining quizlet?

Mining causes disturbed lands, oil spills and blowouts, and mine waste dumping. Processing produces solid wastes, pollutes the air, water, and soil, and produces radioactive material, using this causes thermal water pollution, solid and radioactive wastes, and health hazards.

What are the impacts of mining?

Across the world, mining contributes to erosion, sinkholes, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, significant use of water resources, dammed rivers and ponded waters, wastewater disposal issues, acid mine drainage and contamination of soil, ground and surface water, all of which can lead to health issues in local …

What is one consequence of surface mining?

However, even with current regulations, surface mining can affect fish and aquatic resources through erosion and sedimentation, dewatering of wetlands, diverting and channelizing streams, and contaminating surface water and aquifers with toxic chemicals.

Why does mining have such an impact on the environment quizlet?

Mining has a large impact on the environment because minerals are contained within the Earth. Earth must be removed in order to extract the minerals. When the minerals are close to the surface, the earth is removed, causing destruction to the shape of the land and the flora and fauna living in that area.

How does surface mining impact the water?

However, even with current regulations, surface mining can affect fish and aquatic resources through erosion and sedimentation, dewatering of wetlands, diverting and channelizing streams, and contaminating surface water and aquifers with toxic chemicals.

What is a surface hazard resulting from subsurface mining?

What is subsidence? It is sometimes caused by subsurface mining. It occurs when the land collapses above an underground mine. This has been a problem in the upper peninsula after underground mining for iron ore stopped.

How does surface mining affect the availability and quality of water?

The impact of mining on surface and groundwater is due to spill/tailing, erosion, sedimentation, acid mine drainage, lowering of water table, subsidence, disturbance on hydrological cycle and rainfall. Acid mine drainage is considered one of mining's most serious threats to water resources.

How does mining impact the soil?

Mining activities severely damage the original geological formations and ecosystems, causing inevitable damage to the soil. In this study, the soils from mining areas were characterized by high pH, poor soil quality, and high level of trace metals contamination.

What happens in surface mining?

Surface mining is a form of mining in which the soil and the rock covering the mineral deposits are removed. It is the other way of underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left behind, and the required mineral deposits are removed through shafts or tunnels.

How does surface mining affect biodiversity?

Mining directly emits carbon, as does associated mineral processing activities, negatively affecting biodiversity via anthropogenic climate change (34,35). Mineral supply chains can have extensive, yet often hidden impacts on biodiversity (36).

How does mining affect water resources?

Mining affects fresh water through heavy use of water in processing ore, and through water pollution from discharged mine effluent and seepage from tailings and waste rock impoundments. Increasingly, human activities such as mining threaten the water sources on which we all depend.

What are the disadvantages of surface mining?

Disadvantages include its high visibility, the large-scale surface disturbance and the limited economic depth to which mining can take place. Environmentally responsible miners are always looking at new ways to minimise the impacts of their operations on the environment.

What is surface mining answer?

surface mining, method of extracting minerals near the surface of the Earth. The three most common types of surface mining are open-pit mining, strip mining, and quarrying. See also mining and coal mining.

How does mining affect the environment and wildlife?

Mining leads to deterioration of soil quality, fertility, and toxicity. The main effects of mining are deforestation leading to the loss of plants and animals. It directly affects the ecosystem and its stability as many species are killed due to water and soil toxicity and habitat loss.

Why does subsurface mining have less of an environmental impact than surface mining?

Why does subsurface mining have less of an environmental impact than surface mining? a. Subsurface mining uses less than one-tenth as much land.

What is an effect surface mining has on streams?

However, even with current regulations, surface mining can affect fish and aquatic resources through erosion and sedimentation, dewatering of wetlands, diverting and channelizing streams, and contaminating surface water and aquifers with toxic chemicals.

What is surface mining used for?

Surface mining is used when the economics of removal of 'overburden' to access the coal deposit is viable. Generally, the coal must be fairly close to the surface, but as machines increase their capacity to move material, 'fairly close' is becoming deeper and deeper.

What is a surface hazard resulting from subsurface mining quizlet?

Mining of the surface can result in severe erosion by wind and water. It can pollute streams with sediment.

What are the advantages of surface mining?

Surface mines offer advantages and disadvantages when compared to underground mining. Amongst the advantages are that it is cheaper, can recover more of the resource (usually up to 100% within the mining excavation), is safer and can use larger-scale mining equipment offering higher production rates.

What would be the environmental impact of having to start mining lower grade ore as we run out of high grade ore?

Mining lower-grade ores takes more money, energy, water, and other resources, and leads to more land disruption, mining waste, and pollution.

What are the hazards involved in subsurface mining?

Subsurface mining operations don't create the visible changes in the landscape that surface mining operations do, but the conditions of subsurface mines are extremely hazardous for the working miners. The potential for accidental cave-ins, explosions, and fires is high.